Essay 1

More and more people are migrating to cities in search of a better life, but city life can be extremely difficult.

Explain some of the difficulties of living in a city. How can governments make urban life better for everyone.


There is a growing tendency for people to migrate to urban areas where earning livelihoods is far more effortless than in the countryside. Consequently, it is necessary to analyse some drawbacks of settling in a metropolis and to provide some suggestions for policy makers to render cities to be worth living for everyone.


The main drawback of city life is that the cost of living is always significantly higher than in rural districts and shows an upward trend with the passing of time. Migrants whose finance is not in good shape generally must expend almost all their monthly wages on expenses of accommodation, transportation, food products, electricity, tap-water and many other petty costs. In addition to a grossly excessive charge for goods and services, plenty of large cities now are no longer an ideal destination for living, work and study owing to their foul water and air environment mainly resulting from motorised vehicles and industrial estates. For example, some recent statistics show that the air and water contamination index in many densely populated urban regions such as Beijing (China), Jakarta (Indonesia), and Hanoi (Vietnam) is way above the safety threshold. As a result, the intention to exchange the peaceful life in the countryside for a new hustling and bustling one in metropolises should be given thorough consideration.


So as to enhance the quality of city life, I contend that the measure governments could take is to put forward policies which contribute to giving an impulse to the regional growth’s economy, by which a substantial number of city inhabitants will probably relocate to adjacent provinces with more reasonable prices and fewer social problems. On account of this balanced development, the overload of residents in urban districts will be markedly reduced and issues such as pollution, traffic congestion, insufficient housing can all become less grievous. More specifically, the state could provide financial aid packages, lower taxes, or exempt enterprises who make investments in country areas from land rent so that not only more employment will be generated but residents’ monthly average remuneration here also will also experience increases in its wake.

Although such a resolution appears to be comparatively challenging to be put into practice compared with other short-term ones, but I affirm that it should be seen as one of the most effective approaches to put a new face on great urban centres as well as rural districts in the long run.

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